Finding an ethical breeder - Cadenzahgold Golden Retrievers

Cadenzahgold Golden Retrievers
Cadenzahgold Golden Retrievers
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Finding an ethical breeder

Finding a great breeder and purchasing a quality, well bred golden retriever puppy from an ethical breeder is a daunting process!  With puppy scammers becoming more and more prolific across the internet, it is even more important that you and your family take the extra time and care in researching the breed AND your breeder of choice.

Whether buying a puppy from us, or from another ethical registered breeder, the following information will assist you on how to identify a great breeder.  Keep an eye out under each heading for our Red Flags Image of Red Flag to identify things to watch out for!  

Is the breeder a registered Australian National Kennel Council Ltd (ANKC) / Dogs Australia breeder?
This is the first and easiest check you can do.  Firstly ask the breeder directly for their ANKC/Dogs Australia approved Kennel Prefix (for example ours is Cadenzahgold) and their member registration number.  You can also ask which State they are registered in.  For example Cadenzahgold is registered as breeders in Victoria so we are members of Dogs Victoria - the Victorian body of ANKC/Dogs Australia registered breeders.  Registered breeders located in New South Wales should be members of Dogs New South Wales.

Once you have sourced this information you can then go to the Dogs Australia website at https://dogsaustralia.org.au/ and utilise the registered breeder check located in the lower section of their home page - scroll down, it can be hard to find!

Image of Registered Breeder Check Screen

Utilising either the Kennel Prefix and the membership number provided to you - check the details using this tool.  If registered as current and financial members, the checker will return a green tick as shown below:

Image of registered breeder check sample

Note:  Not all Dogs Australia members are registered breeders.  Always check their membership number as well as some less ethical breeders may give you a Dogs Australia membership number but they have not sat and passed the Registered Breeders examination and therefore are not yet approved to breed Dogs Australia registered puppies.  There have also been reported cases of unregistered breeders obtaining a Dogs Australia membership number and then registering as breeders with other non ANKC organisations and announcing they are 'registered breeders'.  These are generally back yard breeders attempting to confuse you with wording.  Buyers beware!

Image of Red FlagLook out for breeders claiming to be registered but they are in fact 'registered' with a number of other associations commonly associated with back yard breeding including Master Dog Breeders Association (MDBA) or Responsible Pet Breeders Australia (RPBA).  These groups are in no way associated with the ANKC / Dogs Australia and are not required to meet the stringent, ethical breeding guidelines for dog breeding that ANKC / Dogs Australia registered breeders do.  These other groups also allow cross breeding of different breeds and the breeding of 'designer' dogs such as the various 'oodles'.  The MDBA also offers 'Pedigrees' with their dogs but these pedigrees have no formal verification process as to purity and accuracy.  They may also includes the pedigrees of dogs sold by ANKC/Dogs Australia breeders as not suitable for breeding.

Image of red flag

Note for Victorians - Another type of 'registration' breeders may have and still not be members of the ANKC Dogs Australia is registration as a Domestic Animal Business with their local council (which will also be known as having a DAB number).  This again is a red flag for puppy buyers looking for ethical breeders as it may means that the breeder has been required to registered with council as they are not covered by the various Codes of Practice monitored and upheld by the ANKC/Dogs Australia.  As members of ANKC/Dogs Australia, registered breeders are able to own up to 10 breeding dogs without registering with their local council as a Domestic Animal Business under the Domestic Animals Act 1994.  This is because the ANKC/Dogs Australia is an applicable organisation, approved by the Minister for Agriculture under section 5A of the Domestic Animals Act.  

An exception to this rule could however be that the breeder is a very large purebred dog breeder and they have more than 10 breeding animals.  If this is the case they will also need to register as a Domestic Animal Business in addition to the ANKC registration.   

An information flyer explaining what an Applicable Organisation means is available for download here:

Another thing to note that in addition to all of the requirements noted above, ANKC breeders keeping more than five (5) dogs at their home may be required to obtain relevant Planning Permits from their local council.  These permits are in addition to any registration with the ANKC or as a Domestic Animal Business and are designed to ensure that appropriate actions and facilities are in place to ensure that our dogs are not impacting on the lifestyles of those living around us.  Here at Cadenzahgold we have a local Planning Permit to keep up to 10 dogs at our home.

Do the puppies and their parents have ANKC/Dogs Australia pedigree papers?
All puppies bought through an ANKC/Dogs Australia registered breeder must be sold with with ANKC/Dogs Australia pedigree papers.  

Image of red flag
If your ANKC/Dogs Australia registered breeder is unable or unwilling to provide copies of both parents papers as well as a copy of the puppy's own papers, steer clear *!

(*Noting that in some instances paperwork for young puppies under 3 months may not yet have been provided to the breeder by their relevant governing body due to processing delays.  In these instances, at a minimum the breeder should be able to show evidence of both parents pedigrees as well as a completed copy of the application for registration of the litter that your puppy belongs to that will have a list of the microchips being registered that you can check against.)

What do ANKC/Dogs Australia pedigree papers look like?
ANKC/Dogs Australia pedigree papers are a certified legal document provided by the ANKC/Dogs Australia that verify your puppies registered name, registration number, microchip number and birthdate.  ANKC/Dogs Australia pedigree papers also provide an additional three layers of your puppies family tree including details of any show and tracking titles your puppies family members have attained (ie. Championships etc.)

There are two types of ANKC/Dogs Australia pedigree paper - a blue certificate known as Mains Register and an orange certificate known as Limited Register.   Most puppies are sold with an orange certificate that identify the puppy as not for breeding or export (pet quality).  On Limited Register, puppies and dogs may still compete in a variety of dog sports.  All breeding and show dogs will hold a blue certificate that means the owner has full rights to breed from the dog and can show the dog at conformation shows.

Dogs registered on an orange certificate (Limited Register) can be upgraded to a blue certificate (Mains Register) by the breeder at any time and you may find that some breeders only upgrade pedigrees from Limited to Main after the dog has passed all relevant health scores and is approved for breeding.  An upgrade to the Mains Register must be done before any puppies bred from the dog can be registered with an ANKC/Dogs Australia pedigree.

Examples of blue and orange ANKC/Dogs Australia pedigrees are shown below :

Image of Limited Registration Certificate ANKC     Image of Main Registration Certificate ANKC


Image of red flag When viewing the ANKC/Dogs Australia pedigree for the parents of your puppy they MUST be blue certificates and registered on the Mains Register.  If the pedigrees shown to you are on orange certificates (Limited Register), the parents have not been endorsed by the breeder and the ANKC/Dogs Australia as suitable for breeding.  Many back yard breeders and puppy farms will purchase puppies from registered breeders with an orange certificate (Limited Register) and then breed from the dogs without the breeders, or ANKC/Dogs Australia approval and use the orange certificate to attempt to prove to buyers purchasing their puppies that the parents are pedigreed and registered.  These breeders are NOT legitimate ANKC/Dogs Australia registered breeders and these puppies are not registered ANKC/Dogs Australia pedigree puppies.

Image of red flag Another thing to look out for might be a breeder who can show you copies of both parents being registered with a blue certificate (Mains Register), but are not offering ANKC/Dogs Australia registration and pedigrees on the puppies they are selling.  Again, this is a big red flag as it could mean a number of things, all of which are not good, including:
  • The breeder has managed to purchase two dogs on the Main Register but has not registered themselves as a breeder with the ANKC/Dogs Australia;
  • The breeder has not followed ethical breeding practices enforced by the ANKC/Dogs Australia that ensure females are only allowed to produce no more than 2 litters in every 18 months.  Sometimes, unethical registered breeders will breed a third, unapproved litter within 18 months and sell the puppies without papers to 'fly under the radar' of the ANKC/Dogs Australia and make additional profit from their dogs in an unethical way.

Do both parents of the puppies have all their health checks?
High quality, ethical breeders will ensure that both parents of all the puppies they breed have at least the four main health checks/screens completed on all their breeding dogs.  These are:
  • Hip and elbow Scoring (Canine Hip and Elbow Displysia Scheme)
  • Annual Eye Certificate (dated less than 12 months since litter was bred - service date of female)
  • Heart Certificate
  • DNA Screening for PRA1, PRA2 and Ichthyosis
Copies of all these certifications should be made available to all prospective puppy buyers and copies provided to new owners when they pick up their puppy.

More information on these health checks can be found under our Health Screening page here.

Image of red flag If the breeder is unable or unwilling to share documentation on all health screening conducted on the parents of the puppies there is likely a reason.  Either they are unethical breeders who have note conducted the testing, or their dogs have not passed the testing and they are breeding anway.  Never accept the 'word' that health screening is completed, or any number of excuses from a breeder that testing is unavailable, ask for evidence and if it is not forthcoming, walk away!
Copyright © Cadenzahgold Golden Retrievers
Last updated Sunday 4th February 2024
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